All possible knife cuts of woodcarving!
Good morning avid readers!!! Today I have prepared for you a definitive guide to put an end to all the doubts that have brushed by you trying to learn woodcarving! In this Tutorial I will teach you all the possible knife cuts of woodcarving! But really all possible types!
At last you can say no more about the confusion of names floating around in your head, here I have also gathered together for you the variations in execution and name. When you have finished practicing all these cuts you will be ready to become a real professional Whittler!
Let us now begin by clarifying a simple concept that perhaps some people, especially in Italy, since we often use English terms for convenience, have not yet grasped well. Namely:
what is whittling?
Well, whittling is nothing more than knife carving of wood. That is, the carving work that is done only with the help of one or more wood knives.
Often, again in Italy, we are almost forced to use these English terms because our translation equivalent is just “intaglio” (carve). And it’s really poor as a translation because with this word we don’t express the concept of just knife cutting, it’s a very general word for us.
Often coupled with whittling we also hear about woodcarving, but so what:
what is the difference between whittling and woodcarving?
Although they are often named together or misused as synonyms for the same term, this is not the case at all. Woodcarving is still a type of carving, but it involves the use of tools that are gouges, mallets, or other supporting equipment.
It is true that, many times, even though we do whittling projects, we do it not completely. In fact, we use power saws or gouges for convenience even if only by palm and here we merge the two arts together.
Starting a pure whittling project is not only possible, but it will be a pleasure to do so after learning from this tutorial, the art of all wood cuts made with a knife!
I am sure that during your training you have certainly come across many terms as far as basic cuts of woodcarving are concerned. This many times creates some confusion or depression because you think there are so many that you can’t remember them all, let alone redo them! 😖
And instead today you will find that in the end to be remembered are only 5 or 6. 😳🤨 Amazed? I assure you that it is not important that you know all the names by memory, or all the variations. As you learn, you will discover that all the cuts of woodcarving are intuitive; you just need to be shrewd and learn them to be able to do them safely.
That’s it. You need to assimilate the various names you might come across in order to follow tutorials. But eventually, as you stand there with your project in hand, you will make reasoned cuts even without remembering the name or saying to each other…. “now I’m going to make a Push Cut”…!
I named him, so let’s start with him, the infamous, multi-named 😱:
It is one of the most commonly used cuts in wood when roughing the piece, along with the Pull Cut, which is exactly its opposite. It is a reduction cut, a cleaning cut, not a cut used in detailing.
Cutting is super simple is also highly intuitive just push the blade outward, the opposite of coming toward the body.
There are several variations of this cut that mainly differ in controlled cuts or free cuts. I always recommend using a controlled cut, it is obviously safer for you or those close to you. Let’s look at the variations and the many names of the Push Cut:
Push Stroke Cut
Again many names but the same type of cut. It is used in rather awkward positions, when other cuts are not possible or when it is impossible to help with the thumb. It is a free Push Cut but not too coarse. To avoid cutting more than necessary one normally relies on a final Stop Cut.
It is the classic cut used to clean a carrot, to give a very simple example. I have included it as a variation of the Push Cut but you can also use it as a variation of the Pull Cut as needed. The blade slides freely, quickly away from the body (Push) or toward the body (Pull). It is used to do small touch-ups to roughing very quickly.
These cuts in the wood create a curve within the cut by the movement of the wrist. I mentioned this in the old article so here are the details. It combines the Thumb Push Cut technique with a wide wrist movement.
This type of cut is useful in many situations. Mainly its use ensures us strong angles and precise separations. It is a cut composed of two steps, the first is precisely the clean cut, the Stop, and the second is to tilt the knife and slide to reach the cut.
To reach the cut we actually just apply either a Push Cut (going toward the Stop Cut) or a Pull Cut (from the Stop Cut toward us) depending on where we are carving.
It may happen that by making a Stop Cut we were inaccurate in estimating the depth of the cut. No problem, the Clearing Cut comes in handy for this very example. You make a series of light cuts in the wood, in the same direction pointing to the Stop, with the help of your thumb pressing down on the blade.
The same way can be done when we want to increase the depth of the cut, or when we just want to clean the cut. These small arranging movements leave the cut as clean as if it had been professionally made.
It is the classic cut used to make details. I mention it here, a little quickly because it is also part of the article on the 4 basic cuts where you can find detailed instructions on how to make it.
These cuts in wood are of the compound type: that is, they are made in three movements, or of three cuts as you like. First you make the straight cut of the Stop-Cut. Then you make a Push Cut and a Pull cut. The result will be a V in your wood.
It is also correct to perform it without doing the Stop Cut line. With a little practice you can make a Push and a Pull Cut that meet to form a V. In this case a perfect triangle will be made as a reject.
We are lucky! 😅 This cut seems to be known under only three different names! Here they are:
As mentioned earlier, it is the opposite of the Push Cut. It is a cut more suited to shaping rather than roughing the figure, but it can also come in handy when we find that we are carving in the opposite direction to the wood fibers.
This is also an easy cut to master. Very effective in that it combines control and strength, but being that the blade is directed toward the body it needs some extra safety precautions.
In this particular type of cutting, the first thing to do is to protect the finger below the cutting line. In this way the protected finger pushes the wood toward the blade and thus the cutting wrist fatigue is halved.
If the finger cannot be protected with wood, it is necessary to use a thumb guard. That way when the knife gently stops its stroke on the finger it cannot injure us.
We can say for simplicity’s sake that it is the classic cut we make when we want to peel an apple, the blade slides toward the body and toward our thumb!
The Pull Cut also has many names, but unlike the Push Cut not many variations except those with the thumb used or not. The most common names that are used are:
These wood cuts are widely used to create details or particular shadows in a carving. For example, it is used to particularize eyes or create geometric carvings. It essentially consists of 3 cuts that recreate a triangle. When done correctly the resulting trick is a perfect pyramid.
The details of this cut can always be found in the old article of the 4 basic cuts. The Pyramid Cut is no exception and is also called by different names, let’s see which ones:
We conclude with a cut that is used a lot in details: defining clothes and separating them from the body, folds, eyes, eyebrows, etc.
The Line Cut is soon done, you make an incision line as long and as deep as you need. Then from the side where you need to dig (either right or left of the incision) you insert the tip of the knife until it touches the Stop line, at a slight angle, and dig more or less deeply parallel to the incision line.
It too yields to the enticements of having more names, but that are some small variations:
And here we are at the end of the ultimate guide! You have just become masters of knife cuts of woodcarving! 😄 Try them all!
I also prepared for you the tutorial with video support! Here it is or you can find it on the YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/@whittledlovelies!
If you find that I have forgotten any cuts, or any names please do not hesitate to contact me!
Good practice! Learn, learn and learn! Try to see if you are also interested in other related articles in the basic topics category, see you in the next article! Bye!!! 😘😘😘
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